Day (憲法記念日 Kenpō Kinen-bi). The effective Constitution of Japan that
radically changed the nature and principles of governing the state was enacted
on May 3, 1947. Basic provisions of the Constitution were
prepared by US lawyers from occupation forces headquarters, and though opinion
of Japanese politologists and lawyers was taken into account while drawing up the
text, some experts still call this Constitution "pro-American”.
Main changes affected status of the Emperor who
lost his rights as the leading and governing person of the nation. Henceforth
the Emperor becomes the "symbol of the state”. Article 9 declares Japan’s renunciation of war as sovereign right of the
Japanese nation in settlement of international disputes and that is essential
distinction of Japan from fundamental laws of other countries. There have
been recognized such fundamentals like sovereignty of the Japanese nation,
people’s basic rights, separation of powers and local government principles.
All that has brought Japan to parliamentary democracy.